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ODPS Office of Criminal Justice Services Violent and Property Crime

ODPS | Office of Criminal Justice Services

Ohio Violent and Property Crime Summary Reporting Data

Summary Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program provides basic aggregate statistics on the Part One crimes of murder, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Below are definitions for each crime type provided by the FBI's UCR Program.

Murder – is the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another.

Rape – as of reporting year 2013, is redefined as the penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim. Attempts or assaults to commit rape are also included; however, statutory rape and incest are excluded. The term "forcible" was also removed from the offense title. Previously, rape was defined as the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.

Robbery – the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.

Aggravated assault – an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. The UCR Program further specifies that this type of assault is usually accompanied by the use of a weapon or by other means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.

Burglary – the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft. To classify an offense as a burglary, the use of force to gain entry need not have occurred.

Larceny-theft – the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another, including attempts to do so. Examples include shoplifting, pocket-picking, purse-snatching, thefts from motor vehicles, thefts of motor vehicle parts and accessories, bicycle thefts, etc., in which no use of force, violence, or fraud occurs.

Motor vehicle theft – the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. In the UCR Program, a motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle that runs on land surfaces and not on rails. Motor vehicle theft does not include watercraft, aircraft, and farm or construction equipment.

Arson – any willful or malicious burning or attempting to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.

Arrests
The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program counts one arrest for each separate instance in which a person is arrested, cited, or summoned for an offense. Because a person may be arrested multiple times during a year, the UCR arrest figures do not reflect the number of individuals who have been arrested; rather, the arrest data show the number of times that persons are arrested, as reported by law enforcement agencies to the UCR Program.

Arrest Related Deaths